1. EXFOLIATING OR PEELING MASKS
This group of masks can be divided into 3 subcategories: mechanical peeling, chemical peeling and enzymatic peeling masks. All 3 ensure that the dead skin cells in the upper skin layer are removed but the way this is done differs.
Dead skin cells are removed by the presence of small grains or particles (scrubs). These will "abrade" the dead skin cells. This sounds rather aggressive, and it actually is! Scrub masks will not only remove the dead skin cells but can also damage the healthy surrounding skin cells. Since the skin on your face is also finer and thinner, we do not recommend this type of mask for the face.
Example ingredients (INCI): abricot seed powder, alumina, sucrose almond shells, peach seeds, cellulose beads ...
In this type of peeling, the dead skin cells are loosened by the presence of acids. In this way, the upper skin cells are, as it were, "loosened".
Example ingredients (INCI): salicylic acid, malic acid, glycolic acid, citric acid, lactic acid, etc.
The enzymes "nibble off" the connection between the dead and living skin cells. In this way, dead skin cells are loosened and removed. The great advantage of enzymatic peelings is that they only act on the dead skin cells. This is in contrast to mechanical or chemical peelings that act on the top cell layer, making an enzymatic peel milder and less harmful to other healthy skin cells.
Example ingredients (INCI): papain, betain, bromelain, galactoarabinan
If you would like to read more about peelings, be sure to take a look at our blog "the truth about exfoliating".